Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Most Common Sharks: Here Are the Top Five Common Sharks With Facts and Pictures!

If you've ever considered visiting Hawaii, you've probably wondered what kinds of sharks live there. After all, most visitors to Hawaii come to swim in the beautiful waters.

True, Hawaii is home to many sharks, approximately 40 species in total. Only five of these species will make it close to the shore, where you will most likely be swimming. Of course, you probably think that 5 shark species is still a lot.

You are correct, but just because they swim close to you does not mean you are in danger. Sharks are generally unconcerned about humans, and shark attacks are uncommon. Shark bites that result in death are even rarer.

Instead of spending your vacation worrying about sharks, let's learn about them. Let's take a look at how they look and what distinguishes them. You'll have a whole new appreciation for sharks after learning more about them.

Here are the top five shark species found in Hawaiian coastal waters:

1. Tiger Shark (Galeocerdo cuvier): The Biggest

Most Common Sharks

What They Look Like

Hawaiian Name: Niuhi

Size: The largest can grow to be 16 feet (4.9 meters) long, but most are less than 14 feet (4.3 meters). They can weigh up to 2,000 pounds (907 kilograms).

Color: The spotting pattern on young sharks is distinct. The spots will fade into stripes as they age.

Their snouts are broad and round. The teeth are curved and have serrated edges.

Reproduction and the Life Cycle

Internal fertilization is used for mating. The mother will give birth to up to 80 live young. This live birth, however, is unlike most.

The embryos will develop within eggs within the mother's body. The eggs will hatch while the mother is still inside, and she will then give birth to live young. These sharks have a lifespan of 20-50 years.


Invertebrates, marine mammals, stingrays, seabirds, sea snakes, and smaller sharks are common prey. These sharks will consume a wide range of animals, including those that are already dead. They will also eradicate actual garbage. They've been dubbed the “sea garbage can.”

2. Blacktip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus): The Smallest

Most Common Sharks

What They Look Like

Hawaiian Name: Mano pa’ele

Size: They can grow up to 6 feet long, but most are under 5 feet (1.5 meters). The typical weight is 55 pounds (25 kilograms).

Color: Blacktip Reef Sharks are light brown. As their name suggests, they have large black markings on their first dorsal fin and tail tips.

They lack an inner dorsal ridge. Their snouts are round and short. Their teeth are saw-like and angled.

Reproduction and the Life Cycle

These sharks have a lifespan of up to 12 years. They reproduce through internal fertilization, and the mother gives birth to live young. She will have 4-11 puppies and give birth every two years. In shallow waters, mothers build nurseries for their young. This helps them avoid being eaten by other sharks.


Bony fish is their favorite food. Stingrays, cephalopods, shrimp, and crustaceans are among their favorite foods.

3. Galapagos Shark (Carcharhinus galapagensis)

Most Common Sharks

What They Look Like

Size: They can grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters) in length. The largest reported in Hawaii was 9.8 feet (3 meters).

Color: The upper half of their body is brownish grey. The reverse side is white. The tail's underside is a dark greyish color.

The coloration of these sharks is fairly common. The ridge that runs between the dorsal fins is their only distinguishing feature.

Reproduction and the Life Cycle

Females will give birth to live young, which will be attached to her by a placenta-like organ. This organ is responsible for providing nourishment to the young while they are inside the body.

The mother can have up to 16 pups, but the average is 8-9. Mother sharks have babies every 2-3 years, and the gestation period is about a year. These sharks have a lifespan of up to 11 years.


They prefer bottom-dwelling fish and cephalopods to eat. They've also been spotted eating rays and octopuses. They are also known to prey on sea lions and seals.

4. Gray Reef Shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos)

Most Common Sharks

What They Look Like

Size: They can grow to be up to 8 feet (2.4 meters) long, but most stay under 6 feet (1.8 meters). In Hawaii, the largest reported was 6.2 feet (1.9 meters).

Color: Their bodies are grey, with a thin white streak running down the edge of their dorsal fin. They have a black edge on the back of their tails as well. They lack an inner dorsal ridge.


Their diet consists primarily of fish, cephalopods, and crustaceans.

5. Bignose Shark (Carcharhinus Altimus)

Most Common Sharks

What They Look Like

Size: They can grow to be up to 9.5 feet (2.9 meters) long, but most are around 6 feet (1.8 meters).

Color: They are mostly grey in color.

They are distinguished by their high inner dorsal ridge and prominent nasal flaps. It has a broad and blunt snout.

Reproduction and the Life Cycle

Bignose Sharks give birth to live young via yolk sac placentas. Three to eleven pups will be born to the mother. The time of birth is determined by the mother's location.

She will give birth in the Mediterranean region between August and September. It will take place near Madagascar from September to October.


Deepwater fish, including other sharks, are preferred by these sharks. This includes rays as well. They also enjoy cephalopods.

Ethan Cosh
Ethan Coshhttps://www.michigansportszone.com
With One year of publishing experience as a fiction editor for MichiganSportsZone, I am focused on science fiction, fantasy, and the net worth of celebrities. Additionally, I love to play a little music, and I view the writer/editor teamwork as much as I do when performing music with friends.

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