The introduction of technology has resulted in a significant shift in the way we approach literature. The literary world has seen tremendous upheaval as a result of the rise of AI & machine learning & ChatGPT is at the forefront of this revolution. This post will look at how ChatGPT and AI are influencing the literary world.
ChatGPT is an AI-powered language model that has been trained on massive amounts of data to comprehend the complexities of language. This has enabled it to undertake activities previously reserved for humans, such as writing, editing, and even translation. It is now possible to create high-quality content at scale in a fraction of the time that it would take a human.
Over 1,100 writers submit their work to Clarkesworld, a monthly science fiction and fantasy magazine, every month. Each issue is curated by publisher/editor-in-chief Neil Clarke and his team, who sift through all submissions and pick the best ones for publication.
Yet something has changed in the last few weeks: part-time workers have begun utilizing ChatGPT. Websites showcasing side gigs, driven by the constant need for hits, began suggesting that you could easily make money using ChatGPT by asking the AI-generated chatbot to write a short tale, copying the text it creates, and sending it to literary publications that pay for published writers.
For years, these sites have encouraged their readership to submit their writing to publications that pay for it, and they have also broadcasted lists of such publications; the only difference now is that the sites encourage their readership to use artificial intelligence tools, such as ChatGPT, to generate the stories.
Hundreds of people have taken advantage of the possibility of potentially making some extra cash by teaching chatbots to produce material rather than writing it themselves.
AI is spamming Lit Mags
Clarke claims the journal received 700 human entries and 500 AI submissions in February alone. Clarkesworld had to close entries because of the flood of artificial intelligence fiction. These stories are simple to recognize because they are badly written and share titles.
Clarke mentioned spam as a comparison to the phenomenon of Mashable. “We are currently living in the era before spam filters were invented, yet with spam levels typical of today. Now, we need to think of some strategies to destroy this.”
And since that's how spam works, it's not just Clarkesworld that's been hit. It has been alleged that entries to the Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction and Asimov's Science Fiction have been inundated with stories written by AI chatbots.
“I knew it was coming on down the line, just not at the rate it hit us,” Sheree Renée Thomas, editor of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, told the New York Times.
Notwithstanding the fact that stories generated by computers tend to be poorly written, Clarkesworld isn't keen on publishing them because the ethics and morality surrounding the increasing availability of AI have blurred, with some stories raising red flags of outright plagiarism.
Give Credit Where It's Due
It's not the first time this has happened; precedent is already being set. The U.S. Copyright Office ruled that the AI-generated graphics used in the graphic novel Zarya of the Dawn were not entitled to copyright protection on the grounds that copyright can only be awarded to works made by humans.
The Authors Guild is lobbying Congress to pass a law requiring licenses for the works used in ChatGPT's training, in addition to copyright protections. Rasenberger argued that it was unrealistic to expect AI developers to go and secure permission from every writer in existence, let alone every blogger.
To contribute to a communal licensing scheme that then distributes funds to producers. A program like that would put money back into the hands of artists and authors so they can keep making things and writing stories.
“We're not saying, ‘Well, we're going to stop AI in its tracks,'” Rasenberger emphasized. “Since AI has practical applications, we won't be taking that approach. Writers will be forced out of business unless we can find a means to fairly compensate them for the use of their works in teaching artificial intelligence.”
AI is Not Inherently Sinister
With all the trouble the AI has caused Clarke and others, he doesn't hold it personally responsible. Instead, he claims, it's the users of these technologies who are making his life more challenging.
“This is really a human problem,” Clarke said. He continued by saying that the AI itself is problematic, but that engineers should have implemented security measures like watermarking before releasing the software to the public.
“The people are burying me, so it's still a very human province. This is not an artificial intelligence submitting stories. Nonetheless, at the present time, humans are in control.” So, artificial intelligence isn't close to replacing human authors, either.
“It has no emotion, no ability to think, and no ability to produce any new ideas,” Rasenberger added. “As artists, we don't want to be pigeonholed like that. Human artists who are able to portray the dreams and concerns of the people living in the modern world are what we want to see reflected in the arts.
Since the dawn of human civilization, the arts have served as a bedrock upon which society is built. In my opinion, we risk losing that if we don't go cautiously into the area of artificial intelligence.”
Legislative fixes, copyright law, and more will need to come from humans to guarantee the security of the arts. Nonetheless, humans are not yet threatened by extinction. In an interview with The Verge, Sheila Williams, editor of Asimov's Science Fiction, assured authors that “the intellect that builds the compelling tale is not in any danger” despite being “inundated with rubbish.”
The creative process, including outlining, writing, editing, publishing, and creating, will undoubtedly evolve as ChatGPT and AI become more widely adopted. Respect for human skill need not be lost in the midst of this transformation so long as we handle it with care.
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