Known as the father of pop art, Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola Jr. on August 6, 1928, died on February 22, 1987) were an American artist, filmmaker, and producer. From painting, silkscreening, photography, and sculpture, he uses a range of mediums to examine how advertising, celebrity culture, and artistic expression were intertwined in the 1960s and 1970s era.
These include silkscreen paintings of Campbell's Soup Cans and Marilyn Diptych, the experimental films Empire and Chelsea Girls, and the multimedia events referred to as the Exploding Plastic Inevitable.
Warhol began his work as a commercial illustrator after studying art at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he was reared. In the late 1950s, after showing his work in a number of galleries, he began to gain notoriety as a significant and divisive artist.
A well-known meeting spot for notable intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and affluent customers, his New York studio, The Factory, became recognized as a meeting place.
Early Life and Career Beginnings
As the fourth child of working-class Austrian-Hungarian immigrants Ondrej and Julia, Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on August 6, 1928. His father was murdered in a car accident when he was just 13 years old.
When Warhol was in high school, he attended Schenley High School before moving on to Carnegie Institute of Technology to study commercial art. Art director of the student art magazine Cano was a member of the Modern Dance Club and Beaux Arts Society. With a BFA in graphic design under his belt, Warhol earned his diploma in 1949.
As soon as he graduated from college, Warhol came to New York City and began his work as an illustrator and adman. Initially, he was hired to illustrate shoes for Glamour.
He created his “blotted line” approach while working as a designer for Israel Miller Shoes in the 1950s. In 1952, Warhol held his first solo show at the Hugo Gallery, and in 1956, he was part of the Museum of Modern Art's inaugural group exhibition.
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Stardom in the 60s
In the 1960s, Warhol rose to renown as an early adopter of the screen printing technology, which he used to produce his paintings. Big Campbell's Soup Can with Can Opener (Vegetable)” became his most recognizable visual theme after he designed it in 1962.
It was at the Wadsworth Atheneum in July 1962 that he had his first museum exhibition of a painting. Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles had a pop art show by Andy Warhol on the same day. Later in the year, when he displayed his Marilyn Monroe artwork at Eleanor Ward's Stable Gallery in New York, his popularity began to climb.
Andy Warhol's Net Worth
After correcting for inflation and taking into consideration the value of his work, Andy Warhol had a net worth of $220 million USD at the time of his death. A pioneer of the 1960s pop art movement, Andy Warhol was an artist, filmmaker, and producer.
His paintings “Campbell's Soup Cans” and “Marilyn Diptych,” as well as his experimental films “Empire” and “Chelsea Girls,” are among of his most well-known. Warhol's New York studio, The Factory, was where he gathered a renowned group of intellectuals, artists, celebrities, street people, drag queens, and others from all over the world.
Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA has a large collection of his art. Dedicated to a single artist, the museum is the largest in the United States by volume.
Painting, drawing, painting, photography, sculpture, silk screening, music, and cinema were all forms of Warhol's art. As a pioneer of computer-generated art, he relied on and pioneered the Amiga. Warhol started Interview Magazine in addition to being an artist. Popism: The Warhol Sixties and The Philosophy of Andy Warhol are two of his best-known works. Before the gay liberation movement, Andy was an openly homosexual man.
The term “15 minutes of fame” was coined by Andy Warhol. His artworks have sold for some of the highest prices in the history of art. In today's market, his works often fetch prices in the hundreds of millions of dollars.
Campbell's Soup Cans, Marilyn Monroe, and Elvis Presley are among his best-known works. On February 22, 1987, at the age of 58, Andy Warhol passed dead. Following gallbladder surgery, he passed away peacefully from a heart arrhythmia.
Valerie Solanas, a radical feminist writer, and an outcast at The Factory shot Andy Warhol and art critic Mario Amaya in 1968. Warhol, on the other hand, was critically injured and only just made it out alive. The day following the shooting, Solanas was arrested on the grounds that she shot Warhol because she felt he had too much power over her.
Personal Life and Death
As late as 1980, Andy Warhol claimed to be a virgin, however, this claim has been contested. BillyBoy, Billy Name, Charles Lisanby, Jon Gould, and John Giorno were all said to be his lovers. He and Jed Johnson were together for 12 years.
Warhol died on February 22, 1987, at the age of 58, after undergoing gallbladder surgery. He had put off getting his gallbladder checked out for much too long before this. In Bethel Park, Pennsylvania, he is buried in the St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Cemetery.
A big part of the art world is influenced by Warhol's work. They have become associated with the pop art movement that they helped to pioneer, and continue to impact visual artists throughout the world.
Numerous retrospectives, books, and films have been produced in honor of his life and career. Also in his hometown of Pittsburgh, the Andy Warhol Museum was built, and the Warhol Foundation was created to support the country's visual arts scene.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Was Andy Warhol Shot?
It was writer Valerie Solanas who shot Andy Warhol in his workplace. Some believe that the incident may have contributed to Warhol's death over two decades later.
How Much Did Andy Warhol's Paintings Sell for?
An undisclosed bidder paid $195 million at Christie's in New York for Andy Warhol's 1964 silk-screen of actress Marilyn Monroe's face, “Shot Sage Blue Marilyn,” which sold for $195 million in under four minutes of bidding.